Introduction to Agile Development and Scrum by IBM Answers - Coursera

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Introduction to Agile Development and Scrum by IBM Answers - Coursera

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All Introduction to Agile Development and Scrum by IBM certification answers (Coursera). This certification course is available for free on Coursera platform. The file contains answers to all 3 module quizzes and the final graded quiz answers. With this file you can earn your agile certification by IBM just in 10 minutes.


Some questions:

Module 1 Graded Quiz

 

Which answer is valued and emphasized in Agile?

Comprehensive documentation

Using the most up-to-date tools and processes Adaptive planning and early delivery Adhering to the scope of work

 

How is the waterfall method different from Agile?

Agile has architects, developers, and testers working in separate phases. The waterfall method moves faster than Agile.

Agile emphasizes upfront gathering of requirements and documentation.

The waterfall method has phases so that when one ends, the next begins.

 

Which of these software development approaches comes from lean manufacturing and has to do with visualizing work?

Kanban

Waterfall

Extreme Programming Agile

 

Which answer is consistent with working in small batches? (Assume that you have 50 boards to sand and paint.)

 

Sand and paint all the boards and check quality. Put them in bundles of 10 and deliver. Sand the boards 10 at a time, then paint them 10 at a time. Check quality and deliver.

Sand and paint 10 boards. Check quality and deliver these. Then move to the next 10, and so on.

 

Sand all the boards and check quality. Paint all of them and deliver.

 

 

 

 

What is a minimum viable product (MVP)?

 

 

A focus on delivery and product completion Determining up front what the customer wants

The cheapest and easiest thing you can build to test your value hypothesis

 

The result of each phase of a project

 

 

 

 

In Scrum, who determines priorities and how work is accomplished?

 

 

The customer determines priorities and how the work is carried out. The scrum master reprioritizes the backlog and directs the team.

The project owner directs how and when work will be done, and which team members will do it.

 

The scrum team negotiates commitments with the product manager and has authority on how to reach commitments.

 

 

 

 

How is Scrum different from Kanban?

 

 

Scrum key metrics are focused on cycle time, while Kanban emphasizes velocity. Scrum has long sprints, while Kanban has short sprints.

Scrum is more flexible regarding change, while Kanban is more structured.

 

Scrum has roles, such as scrum master, while Kanban does not have existing roles.

 

 

 

 

Choose the correct statement regarding organizing your teams.

 

 

Each team’s mission should be aligned with their professional goals. Teams are tightly coupled and loosely aligned.

The long-term mission is typically around several business domains.

 

Teams have end-to-end responsibility for what they build.

 

 

 

 

Select the correct statement regarding team autonomy.

 

 

Decisions happen locally on the team level.

 

Bottlenecks are avoided by having upper level management make decisions. Teams get bogged down making decisions.

Autonomy allows management to push teams harder.

 

 

 

 

Which of the following descriptions of Agile is correct?

 

 

It is a type of project management, led by a project manager.

 

It is responsive to changes and delivers value.

 

It is similar to waterfall, but with Scrum added. It is a new version of waterfall with sprints.

 

Module 2 Graded Quiz

 

 

 

Select the key problem with having a traditional product manager who becomes a product owner.

 

 

The product owner must be able to focus on vision over operations.

 

The product owner must be able to focus on business requirements over technical goals. The product owner must stay focused on the budget.

The product owner must stay focused on the stakeholders rather than the team.

 

 

 

 

Select the correct statement regarding the scrum master.

 

 

The scrum master is a role based on the waterfall approach. The scrum master keeps the team marching to a fixed plan. The scrum master is a coach rather than a task master. The scrum master documents impediments as project risks.

 

 

 

 

Select the correct statement regarding kanban pipelines.

 

 

A kanban board is made of multiple pipelines.

 

The first pipeline on a kanban board is product backlog. The sprint backlog is followed by the icebox.

The new issues pipeline is for storing items you will do in the next two weeks.

 

 

 

 

What happens to sticky notes on a kanban board?

 

 

They are moved across the board to show progress.

 

They are removed as tasks are completed.

 

They are used as messages from one team member to another. They stay put until the story is finished.

 

 

 

 

The parts of a user story are: As a _____, I need _____, so that__ _.

 

 

user, assumption, goal benefit, detail, outcome direction, idea, outcome role, function, benefit

 

 

 

 

INVEST says stories should be____ _.

 

 

independent visionary dependent short

 

 

 

 

Select the correct statement regarding product backlog.

 

 

The stories at the bottom of the backlog are the most detailed.

 

The product backlog is ordered by importance.

 

The product backlog is ordered by which stories follow the template. Epic stories are automatically put first in the product backlog.

 

 

 

 

Select the correct statement regarding backlog refinement.

 

 

The product owner provides estimates and technical information. Large, vague items are split into smaller stories and clarified. The team sorts the product backlog in order of importance.

The goal is to put most of the stories in the icebox or reject them.

 

 

 

 

Who has the key role at the backlog refinement meeting?

 

 

The scrum master has the key role of technical assistance. The development team has the key role of refining the backlog.

The product owner has the key role of refining the backlog.

 

The lead architect has the key role of technical assistance.

 

 

 

 

What is velocity in terms of sprint planning?

 

 

The speed at which every team should be able to work. A measure of how quickly the team can plan a sprint.

Each team has a measure of how quickly they work, for comparison.

 

The number of story points a team can complete in a single sprint.

 

Module 3 Graded Quiz

 

 

How does a developer choose stories from the sprint backlog?

 

 

You take one or two stories.

 

You take a story based on your preference. You take the next highest priority story. You take stories until you are blocked.

 

 

 

 

How does the daily stand-up serve the team?

 

 

The scrum master can find out the team’s plans for the week. The team members can find out who is working on what. The team members can find solutions to blocks.

The product owner can find out what team members are working on.

 

 

 

 

What does each team member discuss in the stand-up?

 

 

What stories are still in my backlog and when can I start them? What is our current status against our sprint goal?

What is my plan to resolve my blocks and impediments?

 

What did I work on yesterday, what am I working on today, and are there any blocks?

 

 

You measure story points completed vs. story points remaining for a sprint using a________________________________________________________________ chart.

 

 

Workflow Timeboxing Kanban Burndown

 

 

 

 

What is a sprint review?

 

 

A problem review meeting

 

A development team peer-to-peer meeting A status meeting

A live demonstration meeting

 

 

 

 

Are customers invited to the sprint review?

 

 

Yes. The development team, product owner, scrum master, stakeholders, and customers are invited to participate.

 

Yes. The product owner and scrum master meet with the customer. No. Only the development team and the scrum master participate.

No. Only the development team, the scrum master, and the product owner participate.

 

 

 

 

Select the correct statement regarding the sprint retrospective.

 

 

It is an opportunity for the product owner to give the team feedback.

 

It is an opportunity for team members to reflect on the sprint and speak freely about it.

 

It is an opportunity for the scrum master to evaluate the team.

 

It is an opportunity for the team to reflect on the scope of the project.

 

 

 

 

Which of the following is a key question to ask during the sprint retrospective?

 

 

What should we change going forward?

 

What is our team’s story point average?

 

How can we maintain our velocity going forward? Do we have healthy team members?

 

 

 

 

Which of these metrics measure how long it takes from idea to production?

 

 

Release frequency Mean lead time Change failure rate

Mean time to recover from change

 

 

 

 

Select the statement that describes an end of sprint activity.

 

 

Give developers credit for finished stories, but not for unfinished stories.

 

Move stories from the done column to the closed column.

 

Adjust your current milestone and your velocity charts. Move unfinished stories to the next sprint.

 

Final Graded Quiz

 

 

 

Which answer best describes an Agile team?

 

 

Controlled Flexible Planned Procedural

 

 

 

 

Which of these software development approaches emphasizes adaptive planning, and values individuals and interactions over processes and tools?

 

Kanban Agile Waterfall

Extreme Programming

 

 

 

 

What is a minimum viable product?

 

 

The result of each phase of a project A product built in increments

A single syntax that developers and stakeholders understand

 

The cheapest and easiest thing you can build to test your value hypothesis

 

 

 

 

Every sprint should have___ _.

 

 

completion of all items in the backlog

 

a clearly stated goal

 

a three-week duration

 

several iterations through the design, code, test, and deploy cycle

 

 

 

 

What are the three roles in a scrum team?

 

 

Scrum master, product owner, development team Project manager, software architect, developers Project manager, business analyst, developers Collaborators, observers, team members

 

 

 

 

Why is the daily Scrum meeting called a “stand-up”?

 

 

New ideas are introduced, or “stood up.”

 

Various team members stand up when they give a status report.

 

The meeting is conducted with people standing.

 

The leader always stands to address the team members.

 

 

 

 

Which of the following would be considered a problem in a Scrum health check?

 

 

There is an ordered product backlog.

 

The product owner, team members, and scrum master are identified and accountable. There is a sprint backlog, and the teams are self-managing.

Work is organized in consecutive sprints of 8-12 weeks.

 

 

 

 

Select the correct statement regarding the roles of product owner and scrum master.

 

 

The product owner focuses on assigning work.

 

The scrum master focuses on coaching.

 

The product owner focuses on facilitation.

 

The scrum master focuses on business and budget.

 

 

 

 

What is a kanban board?

 

 

A kanban board is made up of multiple project management tools.

 

A method for tracking planned items and showing progress as items are moved across the board.

 

A type of waterfall chart depicting the phases of the project.

 

Colored sticky notes, placed on a board primarily to highlight problem areas.

 

 

 

 

Select the correct statement regarding kanban pipelines.

 

 

A kanban board is made of multiple pipelines.

 

Items that reach the done column are considered accepted by the product owner. The sprint backlog is followed by the icebox.

The new issues pipeline is for storing items you will do in the next two weeks.

 

 

 

 

As a customer, I need some functionality, so that we will gain some business benefit is a description of

______.

 

 

A user story

 

A gherkin syntax A done increment An epic story

 

 

 

 

Select the correct statement regarding product backlog.

 

 

The stories at the bottom of the backlog are the most detailed. Putting items in the icebox creates clutter in the product backlog. Epic stories are automatically put first in the product backlog.

The product backlog is ordered by importance or business value.

 

 

 

 

Who has the key role at the backlog refinement meeting?

 

 

The lead architect has the key role of technical assistance. The scrum master has the key role of technical assistance.

The product owner has the key role of refining the backlog.

 

The development team has the key role of refining the backlog.

 

 

 

 

Select the correct statement regarding the daily stand-up.

 

 

Primarily, a project status is delivered by the scrum master.

 

The scrum master and product owner describe what is blocking the team.

 

The development team members each briefly report on their work.

 

Primarily, the product owner answers questions.

 

 

 

 

What is the purpose of a burndown chart?

 

 

It helps the team see impediments. It predicts product quality.

It measures story points completed vs. story points remaining for a sprint.

 

It measures customer satisfaction.

 

 

What are the three questions that need to be answered at the sprint retrospective?

 

 

Are we practicing good habits? Are we checking our work? Are we being accountable?

 

What went well? What did not go well? What should we change?

 

What were our mistakes? Who made them? How can we fix them?

 

Is the product owner pushing too hard? The scrum master? Other team members?

 

 

 

 

What is a sprint review?

 

 

A status meeting

 

A review of problem stories

 

A time to review how sprints are conducted

 

A live demonstration meeting

 

 

 

 

What is a sprint retrospective?

 

 

An opportunity for team members to reflect on the sprint and measure the health of the process

 

An opportunity for the product owner and the scrum master to evaluate the team An opportunity to demonstrate how well the products and increments are working

An opportunity for the product owner and the scrum master to give the team feedback

 

 

 

 

Which of these metrics measures how quickly the team can recover from failure?

 

 

Release frequency Mean lead time

Mean time to recovery

 

Change failure rate

 

 

 

 

Select the statement that describes an end of sprint activity.

 

 

Put work done on the velocity of the next sprint.

 

Stories are moved from the done column to the closed column.

 

Completed stories are unassigned from the sprint milestone. Unfinished stories are moved to the next sprint.

 


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